Tuesday, November 23, 2010

International team to study marine biodiversity in Semporna

KOTA KINABALU: An international team of marine biologists from Malaysia, the Netherlands and US will embark on an expedition to study marine biodiversity and coral reef health in Semporna Priority Conservation Area (SPCA).

The expedition organized by the WWF-Malaysia, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS), Universiti Malaya (UM) and the Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity (NCB) Naturalis will begin from Nov 29 and ends on Dec 19.

The Semporna Marine Ecological Expedition (SMEE) will assess marine biodiversity and coral reef health in SPCA, recognized as a Globally Outstanding Priority Conservation Area within the Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Ecoregion, at the apex of the Coral Triangle – the world’s centre of marine biodiversity.

Semporna is unusual because of its rich mix of reef types, representing five major geomorphological reef types.

Such areas usually have high levels of biodiversity because of the mix of habitat types and ecosystems. There are also strong indications that the Malaysian Semporna area, together with the Indonesian Berau region, share some rare and unique species.

The survey is based on comparable methodologies that have been used in many areas of Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines and Solomon Islands since 1998. There are only very few examples of similar studies being done previously in Malaysia.

There is a need to document the coral and fish richness of all of Malaysia’s reefs to clarify the relationship with the existing definition of the Coral Triangle.

The overall objectives of the expedition are threefold: First, to assess the coral reef biodiversity; second, to assess the coral reef status and reef population health; and, third, to enhance conservation and outreach efforts through better understanding of the marine ecosystems of Semporna. A modified Reef Check methodology and reef profiling will be used at each site for two depths, in order to take a “snapshot” of the reef health.

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